The Government introduced the Temporary Protection Visa (TPV) in October 1999 to limit the protection offered to refugees who arrived without authorisation. TPV holders have fewer rights and benefits than permanently resettled refugees. In particular, TPV holders have no family reunion rights and no right of return if they leave Australia. It is argued that the TPV system is punitive and discriminatory and contravenes the Refugees Convention. This book aims to give voice to those most affected by Australia's asylum seeker policy, TPV holders themselves, who have been misrepresented or silenced in the intense and ongoing refugee debate. Thirty-four TPV holders living in and around Melbourne, Victoria record their experiences and frustrations, before and since coming to Australia. The narratives are placed in the historical, political and legal context of the home countries and Australia. The stories show that, far from offering protection, the TPV policy prolongs and compounds trauma.