Phase-space representations are of increasing importance as a viable and successful means to study exponentially complex quantum many-body systems from first principles. This paper traces the background of these methods, starting from the early work of Wigner, Glauber and Sudarshan. We focus on modern phase-space approaches using non-classical phase-space representations. These lead to the Gaussian representation, which unifies bosonic and fermionic phase-space. Examples treated include quantum solitons in optical fibers, colliding Bose-Einstein condensates, and strongly correlated fermions on lattices.
Optics and Spectroscopy (Optika i Spektroskopiya),
Vol. 103, no. 1 (Jul 2007), pp. 7-16