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Home List of Titles Effect of gun current on the microstructure and crystallinity of plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/81106
- Effect of gun current on the microstructure and crystallinity of plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings
- Morks, M. F.; Kobayashi, A.
- Hydroxyapatite (HA) is a bioactive material because its chemical structure is close to the natural bone. Its bioactive properties make it attractive material in biomedical applications. Gas tunnel type plasma spraying (GTPS) technique was employed in the present study to deposit HA coatings on SUS 304 stainless steel substrate. GTPS is composed of two plasma sources: gun which produces internal low power plasma (1.3-8 kW) and vortex which produces the main plasma with high power level (10-40 kW). Controlling the spraying parameters is the key role for spraying high crystalline HA coatings on the metallic implants. In this study, the arc gun current was changed while the vortex arc current was kept constant at 450 A during the spraying process of HA coatings. The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of gun current on the microstructure, phase crystallinity and hardness properties of HA coatings. The surface morphology and microstructure of as-sprayed coatings were examined by scanning electron microscope. The phase structure of HA coatings was investigated by X-ray diffraction analysis. HA coatings sprayed at high gun current (100 A) are dense, and have high hardness. The crystallinity of HA coatings was decreased with the increasing in the gun current. On the other hand, the hardness was slightly decreased and the coatings suffer from some porosity at gun currents 0, 30 and 50 A.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Applied Surface Science, Vol. 253, no. 17 (Jun 2007), pp. 7136-7142
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0204 Condensed Matter Physics; 0912 Materials Engineering
- Crystallinity; Gun current; Hardness; Hydroxyapatite; Microstructure; Plasma spraying
- Elsevier B.V.
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Peer reviewed