Home List of Titles Molecular imaging of the dopaminergic system and its association with human cognitive function
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/81508
- Molecular imaging of the dopaminergic system and its association with human cognitive function
- Cropley, Vanessa L.; Fujita, Masahiro; Innis, Robert B.; Nathan, Pradeep J.
- Molecular imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has recently been used to examine dopamine (DA) function and its relationship with cognition in human subjects. This article will review PET and SPECT studies that have explored the relationship between cognitive processes and components of the DA system (pre-, intra-, and postsynaptic) in healthy and patient populations such as Parkinson's disease (PD), schizophrenia, Huntington's disease, and aging. It is demonstrated that DA activity modulates a range of frontal executive-type cognitive processes such as working memory, attentional functioning, and sequential organization, and alterations of DA within the fronto-striato-thalamic circuits might contribute to the cognitive impairments observed in PD, schizophrenia, and normal aging. Although associations between DA and cognitive measures need to be considered within the context of fronto-striato-thalamic circuitry, it is suggested that striatal (especially caudate) DA activity, particularly via D2 receptors, might be important for response inhibition, temporal organization of material, and motor performance, whereas cortical DA transmission via D1 receptors might be important for maintaining and representing on-going behavior.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 59, no. 10 (May 2006), pp. 898-907
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology; 1701 Psychology
- Cognition; Dopamine; Parkinson's disease; PET; Schizophrenia; SPECT
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2006 Society of Biological Psychiatry.
- Additional information
- This work was supported in part by a graduate studentship from Swinburne University of Technology, Victoria, Australia (to VLC).
- Peer reviewed