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- Quasi two-dimensional 6Li Fermi gas
- Dyke, Paul
- Quasi-2D degenerate Fermi gases provide a rich physical environment to explore since many effects that are present do not exist in 3D. This thesis describes the first experiments carried out in a quasi-2D Fermi gas across the broad 6Li Feshbach resonance at 834 G. A description of the apparatus used to form molecular Bose-Einstein condensates and degenerate Fermi gases in the two lowest hyperfine states of 6Li, |F = 1/2,mf = 1/2i and |F = 1/2,mf = −1/2i, is presented. An anisotropic 2D optical potential is formed by an elliptical Gaussian beam produced by tightly focusing a circular Gaussian beam in one direction with a cylindrical lens. The trapping frequencies are ∼3 kHz in the axial direction and ∼50 Hz in the radial direction giving an aspect ratio of ∼60. For a non-interacting Fermi gas this allows ∼1700 atoms to populate the lowest transverse harmonic oscillator state and to be considered as quasi-2D. We present the transition from a three dimensional gas to a two dimensional gas at ∼2000 atoms agreeing within experimental uncertainty with the non-interacting atom number. The observations are made through measuring the radial and axial widths of the gas at three different magnetic fields, 810 G, 834 G, and 991 G. The widths σ are then plotted against the atom number N. The curve, log σ(N) = n logN+a, is then fit to the data in the 3D regime and in the 2D regime. The expansion of a non-interacting Fermi gas in the 2D regime changes from a scaling of N1/4 to N1/6 in the 3D regime and for a Bose gas it changes to N1/5. A value for n is extracted in each of these regimes. For each magnetic field we then obtain in the 2D regime: n = 0.27(0.04) at 810 G, n = 0.23(0.02) at 834 G and n = 0.26(0.01) at 991 G. In the 3D regime we obtain: n = 0.195(0.01) at 810 G, n = 0.154(0.01) at 834 G and n = 0.175(0.01 at 991 G. We also observe a change in the aspect ratio as we approach the 2D regime which is not present in our 3D single beam optical dipole trap and is absent in any 3D system. These first results indicate that we have a quasi-2D Fermi gas. The main experimental results are the first indications of a confinement induced resonance in a 6Li Fermi gas through the measurement of the cloud width in the tightly confined direction after a fixed expansion time. We observe a significant deviation in the transverse width of the 2D interacting Fermi gas from the 3D case due to the increased tight confinement. The confinement induced resonance should appear when the 3D scattering length approaches the transverse harmonic oscillator length, az = p~/mωz, where m is the mass and ωz is the tight transverse trapping frequency. For our experimental parameters this leads to a 3D scattering length of 1.03 μm, where the observation is at 819(1) G. In the weakly confined direction there is no such increase in the width due to the free motion in the xy plane. Instead the cloud width across the Feshbach resonance increases monotonically, similar to that of a 3D gas and as described theoretically for a quasi-2D Fermi gas by Lin et al. .
- Publication type
- Thesis (PhD)
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology. Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences. Centre for Atom Optics and Ultrafast Spectroscopy
- Publication year
- Australasian Digital Theses collection
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2010 Paul James Dyke.