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Home List of Titles Effects of 2G and 3G mobile phones on human alpha rhythms: resting EEG in adolescents, young adults, and the elderly
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/91979
- Effects of 2G and 3G mobile phones on human alpha rhythms: resting EEG in adolescents, young adults, and the elderly
- Croft, R. J.; Leung, S.; McKenzie, R. J.; Loughran, S. P.; Iskra, S.; Hamblin, D. L.; Cooper, N. R.
- The present study was conducted to determine whether adolescents and/or the elderly are more sensitive to mobile phone (MP)-related bioeffects than young adults, and to determine this for both 2nd generation (2G) GSM, and 3rd generation (3G) W-CDMA exposures. To test this, resting alpha activity (8-12 Hz band of the electroencephalogram) was assessed because numerous studies have now reported it to be enhanced by MP exposure. Forty-one 13-15 year olds, forty-two 19-40 year olds, and twenty 55-70 year olds were tested using a double-blind crossover design, where each participant received Sham, 2G and 3G exposures, separated by at least 4 days. Alpha activity, during exposure relative to baseline, was recorded and compared between conditions. Consistent with previous research, the young adults' alpha was greater in the 2G compared to Sham condition, however, no effect was seen in the adolescent or the elderly groups, and no effect of 3G exposures was found in any group. The results provide further support for an effect of 2G exposures on resting alpha activity in young adults, but fail to support a similar enhancement in adolescents or the elderly, or in any age group as a function of 3G exposure.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology. Faculty of Life and Social Sciences. Brain Sciences Institute
- Bioelectromagnetics, Vol. 31, no. 6 (Sep 2010), pp. 434-444
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 06 Biological Sciences; 09 Engineering
- Adolescents; Alpha activity; EEG; Elderly; Exposure; GSM900; Mobile phones; W-CDMA
- John Wiley & Sons
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss.
- Research Projects
Australian Centre for Radiofrequency Bioeffects Research (ACRBR), National Health and Medical Research Council grant number 264439
- Peer reviewed