Home List of Titles Studies on replacing most of the penetrating cryoprotectant by polymers for embryo cryopreservation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/94577
- Studies on replacing most of the penetrating cryoprotectant by polymers for embryo cryopreservation
- Kuleshova, L. L.; Shaw, J. M.; Trounson, A. O.
- Solutions used for vitrification or rapid cooling of embryos usually contain high concentrations of penetrating cryoprotectants. At these concentrations embryos can tolerate the penetrating cryoprotectants for only short periods of time without damage. This study designed and tested cryoprotectant solutions that combined high polymer concentrations with low penetrating cryoprotectant concentrations. Mouse 2-cell embryo development was not compromised by up to 15-min exposure to 30 wt% solutions of the polymers Ficoll 70,000 MW or dextran 69,000 MW at room temperature. However, our batches of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) 10,000 and PVP 40,000 were embryo-toxic even after extensive dialysis against Milli-Q water. As both Ficoll and dextran contribute to a solution's physical vitrification properties, we formulated vitrifying solutions containing only 11 to 27 wt% ethylene glycol (EG) by including 34 to 49 wt% polymers (27 wt% EG + 34 wt% Ficoll, 27 wt% EG + 34 wt% dextran, 16 wt% EG + 39 wt% Ficoll, or 11 wt% EG + 49 wt% Ficoll, in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)). Novel solutions were designed for 0.25 ml straw as a viscous matrix for encapsulation of embryos. These yielded high rates of development of 2-cell mouse embryos after rapid cooling and warming (>96% expanded blastocysts in vitro and >62% viable fetuses as assessed on day 15 of gestation in vivo) in all tested solutions. All control 2-cell embryos formed expanded blastocysts in vitro and 78% formed fetuses in vivo. Comparable results were obtained with both 4-cell and 8- to 16-cell mouse embryos. The lower toxicity of Ficoll and dextran may explain why these new solutions gave better results than had previously been reported for solutions containing 7.5% PVP and low concentrations of EG (2 M).
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Cryobiology, Vol. 43, no. 1 (Aug 2002), pp. 21-31
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology; 1116 Medical Physiology
- Cryopreservation; Dextran; Embryo; Ethylene glycol; Ficoll; Mouse; Polyvinylpyrrolidone
- Academic Press
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science.
- Peer reviewed