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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/94882
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- Autistic disorder and phospholipids: a review
- Brown, Christine M.; Austin, David W.
- Dysregulated phospholipid metabolism has been proposed as an underlying biological component of neurodevelopmental disorders such as autistic disorder (AD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This review provides an overview of fatty acid and phospholipid metabolism and evidence for phospholipid dysregulation with reference to the membrane hypothesis of schizophrenia. While there is evidence that phospholipid metabolism is at least impaired in individuals with AD, it has not been established whether phospholipid metabolism is implicated in causal, mechanistic or epiphenomenological models. More research is needed to ascertain whether breastfeeding, and specifically, the administration of colostrum or an adequate substitute can play a preventative role by supplying the neonate with essential fatty acids (EFAs) at a critical juncture in their development. Regarding treatment, further clinical trials of EFA supplementation are essential to determine the efficacy of EFAs in reducing AD symptomatology and whether supplementation can serve as a cost-effective and readily available intervention.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology. Faculty of Life and Social Sciences
- Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, Vol. 84, no. 1-2 (Jan-Feb 2011), pp. 25-30
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology; 1103 Clinical Sciences; 110104 Medical Biochemistry: Lipids; 111403 Paediatrics
- Autism; Autistic disorder; Breastfeeding; Colostrum; EFA; Phospholipids
- Churchill Livingstone
- Publisher URL
- Crown Copyright © 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. The accepted manuscript is reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
- Full text
- Peer reviewed