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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/150189
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- Probing the 2-D kinematic structure of early-type galaxies out to 3 effective radii
- Proctor, Robert N.; Forbes, Duncan A.; Romanowsky, Aaron J.; Brodie, Jean P.; Strader, Jay; Spolaor, Max; Mendel, J. Trevor; Spitler, Lee
- We detail an innovative new technique for measuring the 2-D velocity moments (rotation velocity, velocity dispersion and Gauss-Hermite coefficients h3 and h4 ) using spectra from Keck DEIMOS multi-object spectroscopic observations. The data are used to reconstruct 2-D rotation velocity maps. Here we present data for two nearby early-type galaxies to ~3 effective radii. From these data 2D kinematic maps are constructed. Three other galaxies have been similarly analysed (see 2009, MNRAS, 398, 91). We provide significant insights into the global kinematic structure of these galaxies, and, in some cases, challenge the accepted morphological classification. We show that between 1-3 effective radii the velocity dispersion declines very slowly, if at all, in all five galaxies. For the two galaxies with velocity dispersion profiles available from planetary nebulae data we find very good agreement with our stellar profiles. We find a variety of rotation profiles beyond 1 effective radius, i.e remain constant, decrease and increase with radius. These results are of particular importance to studies which attempt to classify galaxies by their kinematic structure within one effective radius, such as the recent definition of fast- and slow- rotator classes by the SAURON project. Our data suggests that the rotator class may change when larger galacto-centric radii are probed. This has important implications for dynamical modelling of early-type galaxies. The data from this study are available on-line.
- Publication type
- Conference paper
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology. Faculty of Information and Communication Technologies. Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing
- Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union Symposia and Colloquia: Highlights of Astronomy 15, as presented at the 27th International Astronomical Union General Assembly, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 03-14 August 2009 / Ian F. Corbett (eds.), p. 67
- Publication year
- Cambridge University Press
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2010. The published version of the paper is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.