The underlying assumption for the design of control charts is the measurements within a sample are independently distributed. However, there are many situations where the uncorrelation assumption may be unacceptable in practice. In this paper, the economic design of cumulative sum (CUSUM) control chart for correlated data within a sample is developed. The genetic algorithm is applied to find the optimal design parameters of the CUSUM control chart by minimizing the cost function. An illustrative example is given. A sensitivity analysis is then conducted to evaluate the effects of cost parameters, process parameters, and correlation coefficient on the economic design.