Home List of Titles A non-associated constitutive model with mixed iso-kinematic hardening for finite element simulation of sheet metal forming
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/191376
- A non-associated constitutive model with mixed iso-kinematic hardening for finite element simulation of sheet metal forming
- Taherizadeh, Aboozar; Green, Daniel E.; Ghaei, Abbas; Yoon, Jeong-Whan
- In this paper an anisotropic material model based on non-associated flow rule and mixed isotropic-kinematic hardening was developed and implemented into a user-defined material (UMAT) subroutine for the commercial finite element code ABAQUS. Both yield function and plastic potential were defined in the form of Hill's [Hill, R., 1948. A theory of the yielding and plastic flow of anisotropic metals. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 193, 281-297] quadratic anisotropic function, where the coefficients for the yield function were determined from the yield stresses in different material orientations, and those of the plastic potential were determined from the r-values in different directions. Isotropic hardening follows a nonlinear behavior, generally in the power law form for most grades of steel and the exponential law form for aluminum alloys. Also, a kinematic hardening law was implemented to account for cyclic loading effects. The evolution of the backstress tensor was modeled based on the nonlinear kinematic hardening theory (Armstrong-Frederick formulation). Computational plasticity equations were then formulated by using a return-mapping algorithm to integrate the stress over each time increment. Either explicit or implicit time integration schemes can be used for this model. Finally, the implemented material model was utilized to simulate two sheet metal forming processes: the cup drawing of AA2090-T3, and the springback of the channel drawing of two sheet materials (DP600 and AA6022-T43). Experimental cyclic shear tests were carried out in order to determine the cyclic stress-strain behavior and the Bauschinger ratio. The in-plane anisotropy (r-value and yield stress directionalities) of these sheet materials was also compared with the results of numerical simulations using the non-associated model. These results showed that this non-associated, mixed hardening model significantly improves the prediction of earing in the cup drawing process and the prediction of springback in the sidewall of drawn channel sections, even when a simple quadratic constitutive model is used.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- International Journal of Plasticity, Vol. 26, no. 2 (Feb 2010), pp. 288-309
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0905 Civil Engineering; 0912 Materials Engineering; 0913 Mechanical Engineering
- Anisotropic material; Constitutive behavior; Finite elements; Sheet metal forming
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Peer reviewed