Home List of Titles Stability switches, Hopf bifurcations, and spatio-temporal patterns in a delayed neural model with bidirectional coupling
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/192078
- Stability switches, Hopf bifurcations, and spatio-temporal patterns in a delayed neural model with bidirectional coupling
- Song, Yongli; Zhang, Tonghua; Tade, Moses O.
- The dynamical behavior of a delayed neural network with bi-directional coupling is investigated by taking the delay as the bifurcating parameter. Some parameter regions are given for conditional/absolute stability and Hopf bifurcations by using the theory of functional differential equations. As the propagation time delay in the coupling varies, stability switches for the trivial solution are found. Conditions ensuring the stability and direction of the Hopf bifurcation are determined by applying the normal form theory and the center manifold theorem. We also discuss the spatio-temporal patterns of bifurcating periodic oscillations by using the symmetric bifurcation theory of delay differential equations combined with representation theory of Lie groups. In particular, we obtain that the spatio-temporal patterns of bifurcating periodic oscillations will alternate according to the change of the propagation time delay in the coupling, i.e., different ranges of delays correspond to different patterns of neural activities. Numerical simulations are given to illustrate the obtained results and show the existence of bursts in some interval of the time for large enough delay.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Journal of Nonlinear Science, Vol. 19, no. 6 (Dec 2009), pp. 597-632
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0102 Applied Mathematics
- Bifurcation; Coupling; Delay; Neural network; Spatio-temporal patterns
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
- Peer reviewed