This paper deals with Liénard equations of the form x˙=y, y˙=P(x)+yQ(x,y), with P and Q polynomials of degree 5 and 4 respectively. Attention goes to perturbations of the Hamiltonian vector fields with an elliptic Hamiltonian of degree six, exhibiting a double figure eight loop. The number of limit cycles and their distributions are given by using the methods of bifurcation theory and qualitative analysis.
Bulletin des Sciences Mathematiques,
Vol. 130, no. 1 (Jan-Feb 2006), pp. 71-86