The purpose of this paper is to examine the linkage between social capital and entrepreneurship within the transitional economy of Poland. In order to achieve this objective the extant literature was synthesised and pertinent secondary data was examined. Extant literature seems to support the notion that social capital is one of the major determinants of entrepreneurial progress in a society. The nature of social capital and how it aids entrepreneurial orientation within Polish society is the main aim of this study. Polish society is rich in historical makeup and has shown a high degree of resilience and drive to adopt the transitional processes with minimal social upheavals. It is concluded that one of the prime reasons for the success of the Polish economy compared to other transitional economies was due to its rich social capital that willingly accepted both the positive and negative aspects of economic transformation.