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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/198679
- Analyzing talk-and artefact-mediated interactions from a CHAT perspective
- Brown, Judith; Biddle, Robert; Lindgaard, Gitte
- Vygotsky did not provide a model of discourse including two or more individuals or a model of language that encompasses how people use speech in conjunction with other communicative aids (e.g. sketches), or a method for analyzing speech, or speech in conjunction with other modes of communication. Since then, Wells (2002), Mercer and Staarman (2002), Daniels (2005), Bodker and Anderson (2005) and Spinuzzi (2003) have done much to shed light on the nature of talk- and artefact- mediated activity, and Roth (2005) and Staarman (2005) on how to analyze it. However, existing analytical methods are still limited. This paper presents three new CHAT-inspired methods to analyze talk- and artefact-mediated interactions in video data. The methods are adaptations of interaction analysis and grounded theory. The paper describes the techniques and shows how they were used to analyze a two-hour design meeting where three designers redesigned a prototype of a commercial learning game. The designers’ work involved resolving numerous simultaneous contradictions and was accomplished through talk- and artefact-mediated interactions. The new methods were used to identify different ‘phases’ of the design activity, to give meaning to each of the phases, and to explore the non-conscious uses of artefacts. Key results were that ubiquitous design artefacts can be found in the designers’ talk in the form of concrete stories. This study also showed that activity could be broken down into ‘phases’ each one oriented around a coherently-related artefact set. Further, the phases alternated between dialectical cycles of creativity and reflection. A microanalysis revealed the value of combining stories and sketches for the designers, suggesting that artefacts in combination serve different purposes than artefacts on their own. Implications for theory include: the identification of stories as artefacts, the value of looking at artefacts in combination, and the nature of creativity.
- Publication type
- Conference paper
- Proceedings of Abstracts for the International Society for Cultural and Activity Research (ISCAR), San Diego, United States, 09-13 September 2008
- Publication year
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2008.