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Home List of Titles Highly ordered protein patterns generated from self-assembly of mixed protein coated nanoparticles
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/198963
- Highly ordered protein patterns generated from self-assembly of mixed protein coated nanoparticles
- Singh, G.; Pillai, S.; Arpanaei, A.; Kingshott, P.
- The generation of protein patterns with controllable spacing in the nanometer to micrometer range is of great interest particularly for gaining a more fundamental understanding of the molecular mechanisms associated with protein-surface interactions. Information which can provide new insights into how proteins regulate cell shape and function have great interest in many areas including medical implants, tissue engineering, sustained drug delivery devices, biofilms, and biosensors. We present here a new but simple method for generating highly ordered protein patterns that can be applied over large areas (cm2) based on the self-assembly of mixed nanoparticles of different size, from very low volume fractions. The proof concept experiments initially involve separately coating the particles with a different type of protein. The particles are then mixed at variable concentrations at low total volume fraction. Experiments are performed with fluorescently labelled proteins. For example, FITC-labelled lysozyme is adsorbed to 2µm carboxylated polystyrene particles and rhodamine-labelled BSA is adsorbed to 0.2µm aminated polystyrene particles both in PBS at pH=7.4. In separate experiments either both types of protein-coated particles are mixed in solution, or one protein coated particle is mixed with an uncoated particle. The particle suspensions are drop-cast onto the centre of a rubber ring placed on a hydrophilic Si wafer substrate. A concave shaped layer of solvent is formed allowing for long range assembly of binary colloidal particles firstly through lateral capillary forces, and later by convective flow and entropic forces. The resultant patterns consist of highly ordered hexagonal arrays of large particles as a single layer encapsulated by crystals of the smaller particles, in which single or binary proteins patterns are generated. The coverage is simply controlled by calculating the area of particles needed to fill the rubber ring, and the spacing is controlled by the appropriate ratio of starting particles. The ordered protein patterns are shown using fluorescent microscopy combined with AFM and SEM analysis. The extent of protein adsorption to the particles is determined using XPS and zeta potential measurements. The method is very simple, fast and inexpensive and we demonstrate that the patterning of proteins covers the range for a few nanometers up to a few micrometers depending on the appropriate selection of particles.
- Publication type
- Conference paper
- Paper presented at the 55th American Vacuum Society (AVS) Annual Symposium and Exhibition, Boston, United States, 19-24 October 2008
- Publication year
- Biofilms; Cell shapes; Controllability; Lysozyme film; Molecular biology; Molecular mechanism; Nanoparticles; Particle size; Polystyrene; Protein patterns; Protein-surface interactions; Surface interactions
- American Vacuum Society
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2008.