Home List of Titles A combinatorial library of micro-topographies and chemical compositions for tailored surface wettability
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/201878
- A combinatorial library of micro-topographies and chemical compositions for tailored surface wettability
- Kolind, Kristian; Bennetsen, Dines Tilsted; Arpanaie, Ayyoob; Duch, Mogens; Lovmand, Jette; Besenbacher, Flemming; Kingshott, Peter; Foss, Morten
- Surface modification of topography and chemistry in order to achieve a specific water contact angle (CA) has been explored by using a novel combinatorial screening platform. The screening arrays consisted of 507 distinct combinations of micro-topographies and chemical compositions. By performing chemical modifications with 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H perfluoroethyltriethoxy-silane (PFS) and n-octadecyltriethoxysilane (ODS) on standard silicon wafers it was possible to include both superhydrophobic and very hydrophilic pad arrays in the same screening platform. Surfaces modified with PFS were more hydrophobic than surfaces modified with ODS, while the unmodified silicon surfaces were hydrophilic. For the PFS modified surfaces the largest CAs were achieved with a small pillar size of X = 1 µm and an intermediate inter-pillar gap size of Y =& 8201;4 µm with superhydrophobic CAs over 170°. Surface analysis with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) revealed that CF3 groups were present at the surface, contributing to the superhydrophobic effect. The ODS modified surfaces had intermediate wettabilities with CAs between 100 and 150°, which were dependent on the pillar size, the inter-pillar gap size, and the specific pillar pattern. The unmodified silicon topographical surfaces were very hydrophilic with CAs below 20° independent of specific topography. With this approach we have managed to fabricate 507 distinct surface areas covering a range of wettabilities, which is useful when screening these effects in several different applications. The measured CAs did not follow the simple Wenzel model. Furthermore, the adaptation of the Cassie model introduces Φs, the fraction of solid surface in contact with the liquid, which is difficult to estimate, thereby emphasizing the need for an experimental determination.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Advanced Engineering Materials, Vol. 13, no. 6 (Jun 2011), pp. 516-524
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0912 Materials Engineering
- Chemical compositions; Micro-topographies; Surface modification; Wettabilities
- Wiley-VCH Verlag
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2011.
- Peer reviewed