In his poem The Hollow Men, T. S. Eliot talks about the hollowness that arises from failing to make choices and take actions that are available and falling into the shadow, the lesser place and the lesser being. Research higher degree programs can resemble these situations and be “simply academic” if candidates are not courageous, insightful or diligent and if supervisors and systems are restrictive, unsupportive or uninterested.
Creative spaces for qualitative researching: living research / Joy Higgs, Angie Titchen, Debbie Horsfall and Donna Bridges (eds.),
Chapter 25, pp. 257-266