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Home List of Titles The influence of surface topography of a porous perfluoropolyether polymer on corneal epithelial tissue growth and adhesion
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/204195
- The influence of surface topography of a porous perfluoropolyether polymer on corneal epithelial tissue growth and adhesion
- Evans, Margaret D. M.; Chaouk, Hassan; Wilkie, John S.; Dalton, Beatrice A.; Taylor, Sarah; Xie, Ruo Zhong; Hughes, Timothy C.; Johnson, Graham; McFarland, Gail A.; Griesser, Hans H.; Steele, John G.; Meijs, Gordon F.; Sweeney, Deborah F.; McLean, Keith M.
- Design principles for corneal implants are challenging and include permeability which inherently involves pore openings on the polymer surface. These topographical cues can be significant to a successful clinical outcome where a stratified epithelium is needed over the device surface, such as with a corneal onlay or corneal repair material. The impact of polymer surface topography on the growth and adhesion of corneal epithelial tissue was assessed using porous perfluoropolyether membranes with a range of surface topography. Surfaces were characterised by AFM and XPS, and the permeability and water content of membranes was measured. Biological testing of membranes involved a 21-day in vitro tissue assay to evaluate migration, stratification and adhesion of corneal epithelium. Similar parameters were monitored in vivo by surgically implanting membranes into feline corneas for up to 5 months. Data showed optimal growth and adhesion of epithelial tissue in vitro when polymer surface features were below a 150 nm RMS value. Normal processes of tissue growth and adhesion were disrupted when RMS values approached 300 nm. Data from the in vivo study confirmed these findings. Together, outcomes demonstrated the importance of surface topography in the design of implantable devices that depend on functional epithelial cover.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology
- Biomaterials, Vol. 32, no. 34 (Dec 2011), pp. 8870-8879
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 09 Engineering; 10 Technology
- Cornea; Corneal implants; Fluoropolymers; In vitro; In vivo
- Publisher URL
- Crown Copyright © 2011.
- Additional information
- This work was funded by the Australian Commonwealth Government under the Cooperative Research Centres Scheme.
- Peer reviewed