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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/204918
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- Gambling activities of young Australians: developing a model of behaviour
- Moore, Susan M.; Ohtsuka, Keis
- As more gambling venues open in Australia, youth gambling as problem behaviour has been identified. The aim of this study was to assess youth gambling in a population with easy access to gambling, and to evaluate the adequacy of a model for predicting adolescent gambling frequency and problem gambling. The model comprised a combination of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980), personality variables (venturesomeness, impulsiveness), and cognitive bias variables derived from Weinstein's (1980) propositions concerning unrealistic optimism about future life events. A sample of 1017 school- and university-based adolescents indicated relatively low frequencies of gambling and low scores on the problem gambling scale, with males scoring higher than females on both measures. The TRA was supported with about 30% of the variance of each of gambling behaviour and problem gambling accounted for by intentions, attitudes, and subjective norms. Personality factors added significantly to the prediction of gambling. The cognitive bias variables, although independently not statistically significant, further contributed to prediction.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Journal of Gambling Studies, Vol. 13, no. 3 (Fall 1997), pp. 207-236
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 1506 Tourism; 1701 Psychology
- Australia; Gambling; Gambling behaviour; Gaming; Youth gambling; Problem behaviour; Problem gambling; Risk taking; Theory of reasoned action
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 1997 Human Sciences Press, Inc. The accepted manuscript is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
- Additional information
- This research was supported by a grant from the Australian Research Council.
- Full text
- Peer reviewed