Home List of Titles Analysis of the gas states at a liquid/solid interface based on interactions at the microscopic level
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/206035
- Analysis of the gas states at a liquid/solid interface based on interactions at the microscopic level
- Li, Zhaoxia; Zhang, Xuehua; Zhang, Lijuan; Zeng, Xiaocheng; Hu, Jun; Fang, Haiping
- The states of gas accumulated at the liquid/solid interface are analyzed on the basis of the continuum theory, in which the Hamaker constant is used to describe the long-range interaction at the microscopic scale. The Hamaker constant is always negative, whereas the 'gas' spreading coefficient can be either negative or positive. Despite the complexity of gas, including that the density profile may not be uniform due to absorption on both solid and liquid surfaces, we predict three possible gas states at the liquid/solid interface, that is, complete 'wetting', partial 'wetting', and pseudopartial 'wetting'. These possible gas states correspond, respectively, to a gas pancake (or film) surrounded by a wet solid, a gas bubble with a finite contact angle, and a gas bubble(s) coexisting with a gas pancake. The typical thickness of the gas pancakes is at the nano scale within the force range of the long-range interaction, whereas the radius of the gas bubbles can be large. The state of a gas bubble(s) coexisting with a gas film is predicted theoretically for the first time. Our theoretical results can contribute to the development of a unified picture of gas nucleation at the liquid/solid interface.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 111, no. 31 (Aug 2007), pp. 9325-9329
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 02 Physical Sciences; 03 Chemical Sciences; 09 Engineering
- Bubbles (in fluids); Continuum mechanics; Continuum theory; Gases; Hamaker constant; Nucleation; Phase interfaces; Wet solid
- American Chemical Society
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2007 American Chemical Society.
- Peer reviewed