Medical textiles are a highly specialised stream of technical textiles industry with a growing range of applications. A significant advancement has been achieved in surgical products or biomedical textiles (implantable/non- implantable) with the advent of 3D textile manufacturing techniques. Cardiovascular soft tissue implants (vascular grafts) have been a field of interest over decades for use of innovative 3D tubular structures in treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In the field of soft tissue implants, knitted and woven tubular structures are being used for large diameter blood vessel replacements. Advent of electrospinning and tissue engineering techniques has been able to provide promising answers to small diameter vascular grafts. The aim of this review is to outline the approaches in vascular graft development utilising different 3D tubular structure forming techniques. The emphasis is on vascular graft development techniques that can help improve treatment efficacy in future.
Proceedings of the 3rd World Conference on 3D Fabrics and Their Applications, Wuhan, China, 20-21 April 2011,