Femtosecond laser pulses are useful for laser microfabrication through multiphoton absorption. However, it is difficult to create interference of femtosecond pulses for the fabrication of periodic structures. In this letter, we report the fabrication of two-dimensional periodic structures by means of multibeam interference of femtosecond pulses. Scanning electron microscopy revealed a rod structure arranged into a square lattice. The possibility of controlling the period of the lattice, rod thickness, and rod shape were demonstrated.