Optimization of (i) intensity of illumination and (ii) thickness of resist was made looking for the conditions when high spatial resolution could be achieved by optical near- field lithography. Standard set-up of near-field illumination through a tapered Al-coated fiber tip was employed for the exposure of positive resist OFPR-5000 (EG), which is photo-sensitive for wavelength (lambda) > 450 nm. Tip was scanned along the line at near-field conditions of constant sample-to-tip separation to produce adjustable exposure dose of the spin-coated resist film. Femtosecond, 120 fs, pulses of the power P >1 mW (at 82 MHz repetition rate) at 400 nm were coupled into a fiber (>1 m length) and delivered to the surface of the resist for illumination. The issues of NSOM fabrication using tapered Al-coated tips are addressed. To achieve a reproducible and high aspect ratio (approaching 1:1) NSOM-based lithography there should be found resists allowing to produce thin films (>100 nm) with low surface roughness (>10 nm).
Proceedings of SPIE: Smart Optical Inorganic Structures and Devices, Vilnius, Lithuania, 16-19 August 2000 / Steponas P. Asmontas and Jonas Gradauskas (eds.),
Vol. 4318, pp. 42-47