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Home List of Titles Contact, evaluation and social distance: differentiating majority and minority effects
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/216169
- Contact, evaluation and social distance: differentiating majority and minority effects
- Bastian, Brock; Lusher, Dean; Ata, Abe
- Contact research has traditionally focused on reducing negative attitudes or emotions towards outgroups. In the current studies we focus on reduced social distance as an outcome of intergroup contact -- that is a person's desire to have increased contact with members of a group -- and investigate whether outgroup evaluation in associated with these generalizing effects of contact. Drawing on data from a large sample of secondary school students in Australia gathered from majority and minority group members the findings demonstrate that having contact with an outgroup reduces social distance to the group in general. However, for majority group members, evaluation of the minority group is a strong predictor of social distance and evaluation is also improved with intergroup contact. Importantly, evaluations of the outgroup play no such role for minority group members. The findings highlight an alternate model for understanding contact effects and suggest that reduced social distance rather than improved outgroup evaluations may be more important in understanding minority responses to contact.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Vol. 36, no. 1 (Jan 2012), pp. 100-107
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 1608 Sociology; 1701 Psychology
- Intergroup contact; Muslims; Prejudice; Social distance
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Peer reviewed