Home List of Titles Examining the effect of dl-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and methamphetamine on the standardized field sobriety tests
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/219709
- Examining the effect of dl-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and methamphetamine on the standardized field sobriety tests
- Downey, Luke A.; King, Rebecca; Papafotiou, Katherine; Swann, Phillip; Ogden, Edward; Stough, Con
- dl-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and methamphetamine are commonly used illicit drugs that are thought to impair driving ability. The Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFSTs) are utilized widely to detect impairment associated with drugs other than alcohol in drivers, although limited evidence concerning MDMA and methamphetamine consumption on SFST performance exists. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the SFSTs were a sensitive measure for identifying the presence of the specific isomer d -methamphetamine and MDMA. In a double-blind, within-subject, counter-balanced and placebo-controlled study, 58 healthy and abstinent recreational drugs users were administered three treatments: 100 mg of MDMA, 0.42 mg/kg d -methamphetamine, and placebo. For each condition the SFSTs were administered at 4 and 25 h post treatment. d -methamphetamine was not found to significantly impair SFST performance unlike MDMA, which significantly impaired SFST performance in comparison to placebo with 22% of the sample failing the test at the 4 h testing time-point. No differences were observed at the 25 h testing time-point for any of the conditions. It was concluded that the SFSTs are not efficient in identifying the presence of low level d -methamphetamine, and are significantly better at detecting the presence of MDMA at the levels assessed.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology. Faculty of Life and Social Sciences. Centre for Human Psychopharmacology
- Forensic Science International, Vol. 220, no. 1-3 (Jul 2012), e33-e36
- Publication year
- 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine; Driving impairment; Driving performance; HGN; Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus; Illicit drugs; MDMA; Methamphetamine; SFST; Sobriety; Standardized Field Sobriety Tests
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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- Peer reviewed