We investigate theoretically the prospect of realizing a topological superfluid in one-dimensional spin-orbit-coupled atomic Fermi gases under a Zeeman field in harmonic traps. In the absence of spin-orbit coupling, it is well known that the system is either a Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superfluid or an inhomogeneous Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) superfluid. Here we show that with spin-orbit coupling it could be driven into a topological superfluid, which supports zero-energy Majorana modes. However, in the weakly interacting regime the topological superfluid prefers to stay at the trap edge, in contrast to a FFLO superfluid, which occurs near the trap center. As a result, it is unlikely to experimentally observe an inhomogeneous FFLO superfluid with topo-logical order without specifically tailoring the geometry or other parameters of the Fermi cloud.