Many scholars have speculated on the reasons for anti-homosexual prejudice, or homophobia, and this chapter considers how a group of 22 'camp' men understood their experience of it in Australia during the post-war decades. According to Australia sociologist RW Connell, homophobia exists because it is a feature of 'hegemonic masculinity' - the term he coined and uses to describe the exemplary form of masculinity, which, he says, 'may be quiet and explicit, but may also be vehement and violent, as in the case of homophobic violence'. Like Connell, North American feminist Lynn Segal argues that masculinity must be defined in opposition to homosexuality and femininity because of heterosexual men's fear that closeness between them might be misconducted as homosexual interest.
Homophobia: an Australian history / Shirlene Robinson (ed.),
Chapter 10, pp. 218-235