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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/220504
- Recent developments in the environment process
- Street, S. J.; Brooks, Geoffrey A.; Worner, H. K.
- The EnvIRONment process, invented by Prof. H. K. Worner, has been developed to treat metallurgical and organic wastes using pyrometallurgical technology. Developed at the University of Wollongong, the process successfully overcomes many of the technical challenges of processing ferruginous waste. Composite pellets of ferruginous, typically steelworks dust, and organic waste are bath smelted in a DC arc furnace, utilising a deep slag layer to produce iron, an innocuous slag, and a zinc enriched fume. Process viability has been demonstrated with over 4 years of trials in a purpose built 100 kg DC arc furnace. The suitability of bath smelting for processing of wastes, in particular metallurgical wastes, has been sufficiently encouraging that commercialisation of the EnvIRONment process is being pursued. Fundamental research being undertaken within the Department of Materials Engineering at the University of Wollongong is addressing unresolved aspects of the pyrometallurgical reactions operating within the process. The aim of the research is to quantify process kinetics while gaining a greater understanding of reduction mechanisms and the smelting behaviour of composite pellets. To date kinetic interpretation has been complex, however it is evident that the reaction of the composite pellets is influenced by several parameters including pellet chemistry and heating rate. Smelting of the composite pellets in slag was found to occur via dissolution of FeO and metallic iron at the slag-pellet interface.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, Vol. 36, no. 5 (Dec 1997), pp. 333-340
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0904 Chemical Engineering; 0912 Materials Engineering; 0914 Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy
- Bath smelting processes; EnvIRONment process; Pyrometallurgy
- Maney Publishing
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 1998 Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
- Peer reviewed