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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/222995
- Disturbingly low levels of contraception among women living with hepatitis C
- Banwell, Cathy; Bammer, Gabriele; Main, Nikki; Gifford, Sandra M.; O'Brien, Mary
- Objective: To describe the prevalence of contraception among a sample of women with hepatitis C (HCV), compare it with contraceptive use among Australian women generally, and look for associations between contraception and sample characteristics. Method: Women who self-identified as living with HCV were recruited through a wide range of non-clinical and clinical sites in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and Victoria to complete a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Seventy-five per cent of distributed questionnaires were completed and returned. Of the 462 women surveyed, 34% of those aged 18-49 reported using contraceptives; a much lower prevalence than the 67% in the Australian population. Surprisingly, women who reported concerns about transmission to children were no more likely to use contraceptives. Not surprisingly, women who were lesbian or who did not have a current partner were even less likely to use contraceptives. Both employed women and those not on benefits reported significantly higher levels of contraception. Otherwise, contraception did not vary with a range of variables including age, education, injecting drug use status, self-rated health status, experience of HCV symptoms, time since diagnosis, ever having received HCV treatment, or venue at which the participants were recruited. Conclusions: The low prevalence of contraception among women with HCV is both disturbing and puzzling. Implications: These findings raise several important and hitherto unconsidered issues for the sexual and reproductive health and well-being of women with HCV. These require both further research and urgent attention by service providers.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Vol. 27, no. 6 (Dec 2003), pp. 620-626
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 1117 Public Health and Health Services; 1402 Applied Economics; 1605 Policy and Administration
- Adolescent; Australia; Chi-square distribution; Comparative study; Contraception; Demography; Drug use; Education; Employment; Health status; Health surveys; Hepatitis C; Hepatitis C virus; Lesbian; Logistic models; Major clinical study; Pregnancy; Pregnancy complications infectious; Prevalence; Questionnaires; Reproductive health; Self report; Sexual partners; Social support; Socioeconomic factors; Substance-related disorders; Vertical transmission; Virus transmission
- John Wiley & Sons
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2003.
- Peer reviewed