The issues raised by confidentiality and source protection create some of the most acute ethical dilemmas that journalists in Australia face. There are three reasons for this. First, their professional codes of ethics - that of the Media Entertainment and Arts Alliance (MEAA) - binds them in absolute terms to keep all confidences received in the course of their work. Second, there are circumstances in which the law requires them to reveal those confidences. Third, this sets up a dual ethical conflict: there is a specific ethical duty to keep their promise of confidentiality, on the one hand, but there is also a general ehtical duty to obey the law. It then becomes a question of which is the higher duty.