Home List of Titles Discovery of an active galactic nucleus driven molecular outflow in the local early-type galaxy NGC 1266
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/225290
- Discovery of an active galactic nucleus driven molecular outflow in the local early-type galaxy NGC 1266
- Alatalo, K.; Blitz, L.; Young, L. M.; Davis, T. A.; Bureau, M.; Lopez, L. A.; Cappellari, M.; Scott, Nicholas; Shapiro, K. L.; Crocker, A. F.; Martin, S.; Bois, M.; Bournaud, F.; Davies, R. L.; de Zeeuw, P. T.; Duc, P. A.; Emsellem, E.; Falcon-Barroso, J.; Khochfar, S.; Krajnovic; Kuntschner, H.; Lablanche, P. Y.; McDermid, R. M.; Morganti, R.; Naab, T.; Oosterloo, T.; Sarzi, M.; Serra, P.; Weijmans, A.
- We report the discovery of a powerful molecular wind from the nucleus of the non-interacting nearby S0 field galaxy NGC 1266. The single-dish CO profile exhibits emission to +/- 400 km/s and requires a nested Gaussian fit to be properly described. Interferometric observations reveal a massive, centrally- concentrated molecular component with a mass of 1.1x10^9 Msuns and a molecular outflow with a molecular mass of 2.4x10^7 Msuns. The molecular gas close to the systemic velocity consists of a rotating, compact nucleus with a mass of about 4.1x108 Msuns within a radius of approximately 60 pc. This compact molecular nucleus has a surface density of ~2.7 times 10^4 Msuns/pc^2, more than two orders of magnitude larger than that of giant molecular clouds in the disk of the Milky Way, and it appears to sit on the Kennicutt-Schmidt relation despite its extreme kinematics and energetic activity. We interpret this nucleus as a disk that confines the outflowing wind. A mass outflow rate of 13 Msuns/yr leads to a depletion timescale of about 85 Myr. The star formation in NGC 1266 is insufficient to drive the outflow, and thus it is likely driven by the active galactic nucleus (AGN). The concentration of the majority of the molecular gas in the central 100 pc requires an extraordinary loss of angular momentum, but no obvious companion or interacting galaxy is present to enable the transfer. NGC 1266 is the first known outflowing molecular system that does not show any evidence of a recent interaction.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 735, no. 2 (Jul 2011), article no. 88
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences; 0305 Organic Chemistry; 0306 Physical Chemistry (Incl. Structural)
- Early-type galaxies; Galaxy evolution; Galaxy kinematics and dynamics; ISM; NGC 1266
- Institute of Physics Publishing
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2011 The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. The American Astronomical Society does not allow Swinburne Research Bank to archive either the accepted manuscript or the published version of the article. However you can find an earlier version of the full text here: http://arxiv.org/abs/1104.2326
- Peer reviewed