Home List of Titles Arterial stiffness as a cause of cognitive decline and dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/230120
- Arterial stiffness as a cause of cognitive decline and dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
- Pase, M. P.; Herbert, A.; Grima, N. A.; Pipingas, A.; O'Rourke, M. F.
- Background: Although arterial stiffness has recently been confirmed as a predictor of cardiovascular disease, the association between arterial stiffness and cognitive decline is less clear. Aim: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the evidence for large artery stiffness as a cause of cognitive decline and dementia. Method: Electronic databases were systematically searched until September 2011 for studies reporting on the longitudinal relationship between any validated measure of large artery stiffness and cognitive decline or dementia. Meta-analysis was performed on four studies investigating the association between aortic pulse wave velocity and a decline in Mini-Mental State Examination scores. Results: Six relevant longitudinal studies were located, conducted over an average of 5 years follow up. Arterial stiffness was predictive of cognitive decline in five/six studies. In meta-analysis, higher aortic stiffness predicted lower Mini-Mental State Examination scores within the sample (β=−0.03, 95% confidence interval (CI): −0.06 to 0.01, n= 3947), although studies were not all homogeneous, and statistical heterogeneity was present (I2= 71.9%, P= 0.01). Removal of one study with a relatively younger cohort and lower median aortic stiffness found higher aortic stiffness to significantly predict cognitive decline (β=−0.04, 95% CI: −0.07 to −0.01, n= 3687) without evidence of heterogeneity (I2= 9.5%, P= 0.33). There was little research investigating the effects of aortic stiffness on the development of dementia. Conclusion: Aortic stiffness was found to predict cognitive decline in both qualitative review and quantitative analysis.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology. Faculty of Life and Social Sciences. Centre for Human Psychopharmacology
- Internal Medicine Journal, Vol. 42, no. 7 (Jul 2012), pp. 808-815
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 1103 Clinical Sciences; 1117 Public Health and Health Services
- Arterial stiffness; Cognition; Dementia; Hypertension; Pulse wave velocity
- Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2011 The Authors. Internal Medicine Journal copyright © 2011 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.
- Peer reviewed