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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/231781
- Wear resistance of plasma immersion ion implanted Ti6A14V
- Johns, S. M.; Bell, T.; Samandi, M.; Collins, G. A.
- The immersion ion implantation (PI³ TM) process has been employed in the treatment of the Ti6A14V alloy in order to improve its notoriously poor tribological properties. In particular, this study was undertaken with a view to its potential application for the surface engineering of orthopaedic implants. PI³ has been developed over recent years at the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO). The hybrid nature of this technique combines elements of both ion implantation and plasma nitriding, and has been shown to produce components with unique surface properties and optimum performance characteristics. A detailed study of the PI³ process on the Ti6A14V alloy has been undertaken. Treatment was carried out in a pure nitrogen atmosphere at temperatures of 350, 450 and 550 degrees Celsius . In each case, specimens were treated for 5 h, with a high voltage pulse (typically 40 kV) applied directly to the workpiece. Wear resistance of the treated samples was assessed using a standard CSEM pin-on-disc wear machine, with a single crystal ruby ball as the contact tip. Glancing angle X-ray diffraction (GAXRD) was employed to determine the phases present in the surface modified layer. These findings were then compared to those achieved from parallel work with conventionally ion implanted and low temperature plasma nitrided samples. It was established that a high treatment temperature of 550 degrees Celsius was necessary for substantial improvements in the properties of the Ti6A14V material. Under these conditions the PI³ technique promoted significant increases in Knoop hardness, and wear resistance an order of magnitude greater than conventional ion implantation. Wear rates were typically reduced by four orders of magnitude compared to those of the untreated Ti6A14V. This is thought to be associated with the increased mobility of nitrogen in α-Ti at these temperatures, producing a deeper, hardened case. The presence of TiN was observed in the microstructure of PI³ Ti6A14V samples at all temperatures in the range.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Surface and Coatings Technology: incorporating the proceedings of the 1996 International Workshop on Plasma-Based Ion Implantation, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 12-15 February 1995 / B. D. Sartwell and A. Matthews (eds.), Vol. 85, no. 1-2 (Nov 1996), pp. 7-14
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0204 Condensed Matter Physics; 0306 Physical Chemistry (Incl. Structural); 0912 Materials Engineering
- Glancing angle x ray diffraction; Medical applications; Microstructure; Nitriding; Plasma immersion ion implantation; Plasma nitriding; Scanning electron microscopy; Surface engineering; Surface properties; Surface treatment; Ti6A14V; Titanium alloys; Titanium aluminide; Tribology; Wear resistance; X ray diffraction
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science S.A.
- Peer reviewed