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- Geotechnical performance of recycled glass-waste rock blends in footpath bases
- Arulrajah, Arul; Ali, M. M. Y.; Disfani, M. M.; Piratheepan, J.; Bo, M. W.
- Laboratory and field experiments were undertaken to investigate the possible application of recycled crushed glass blended with crushed basaltic waste rock as a footpath base material. The laboratory experimental program included basic and specialized geotechnical tests including particle size distribution, modified Proctor compaction, particle density, water absorption, California Bearing Ratio (CBR), Los Angeles abrasion, pH, organic content and triaxial shear tests. A field demonstration footpath comprising of two sections of recycled glass-waste rock blends with 15% and 30% recycled glass content and a third control section with only waste rock was subsequently constructed based on the outcomes of the initial laboratory tests. Subsequently field tests with a nuclear density gauge and Clegg Impact Hammer were undertaken as well as laboratory testing of field samples to assess the geotechnical performance of the trial sections. The field and laboratory test results indicated that adding crushed glass can improve the workability of the crushed waste rock base material but subsequently results in lower shear strength. The blend with 15% glass content was found to be the optimum blend, in which the material presented good workability and also had sufficiently high base strength. Higher recycled glass content (30%) resulted in borderline, though still satisfactory performance. The research findings indicate that recycled crushed glass in blends with crushed waste rock is a potential alternative material to be used in footpath bases. A separate study is recommended to evaluate the environmental risks associated with the usage of these recycled materials.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology. Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences
- Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 25, no. 5 (May 2013), pp. 653-661
- Publication year
- FOR Code(s)
- 0905 Civil Engineering; 0912 Materials Engineering
- Footpath bases; Geotechnical; Pavement; Recycled glass; Recycled materials; Waste materials
- American Society of Civil Engineers
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2012 American Society of Civil Engineers. The accepted manuscript is reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
- Full text
- Peer reviewed