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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/232286
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- Geotechnical and geoenvironmental properties of recycled construction and demolition materials in pavement subbase applications
- Arulrajah, Arul; Piratheepan, Jegatheesan; Disfani, M. M.; Bo, Myint Bo
- A comprehensive laboratory evaluation of the geotechnical and geoenvironmental properties of five predominant types of Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste materials was undertaken in this research study. The C&D materials tested were Recycled Concrete Aggregate (RCA), Crushed Brick (CB), Waste Rock (WR), Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) and Fine Recycled Glass (FRG). The geotechnical assessment included particle size distribution, particle density, water absorption, compaction, Los Angeles abrasion, post-compaction sieve analysis, flakiness index, hydraulic conductivity and California Bearing Ratio (CBR) tests. Shear strength properties of the materials were studied through a series of triaxial tests. Consolidated drained triaxial tests undertaken on the recycled materials indicated that the recycled materials had a drained cohesion ranging from 41 kPa to 46 kPa and a drained friction angle ranging from 49° to 51°, with the exception of FRG and RAP. The response of the materials under repeated load was investigated using repeated load triaxial (RLT) tests. The RLT testing results indicated that RCA, WR and CB performed satisfactorily at 98% maximum dry density and at a target moisture content of 70% of the optimum moisture content under modified compaction. The geoenvironmental assessment included pH value, organic content, total and leachate concentration of the material for a range of contaminant constituents. In terms of usage in pavement subbases, RCA and WR were found to have geotechnical engineering properties equivalent or superior to that of typical quarry granular subbase materials. CB at the lower target moisture contents of 70% of the OMC was also found to meet the requirements of typical quarry granular subbase materials. The properties of CB, RAP and FRG however may be further enhanced with additives or mixed in blends with high quality aggregates to enable their usage in pavement subbases.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology. Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences
- Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 25, no. 8 (2013), pp. 1077-1088
- Publication year
- American Society of Civil Engineers
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2012 American Society of Civil Engineers. The accepted manuscript is reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.