Home List of Titles Variability of type 021N in activated sludge as determined by in situ substrate uptake pattern and in situ hybridization with fluorescent rRNA targeted probes
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/232456
- Variability of type 021N in activated sludge as determined by in situ substrate uptake pattern and in situ hybridization with fluorescent rRNA targeted probes
- Nielsen, P. H.; Andreasen, K.; Wagner, M.; Blackall, L. L.; Lemmer, H.; Seviour, R. J.
- Bulking sludges were investigated in seven industrial or municipal activated sludge treatment plants from Denmark, Germany and Australia. The dominating filaments were all identified as type 021N according to the Eikelboom key. The extent of variability in the filament taxonomy was assessed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with rRNA-targeted nucleic acid probes specific for type 021N, Thiothrix and Leucothrix. Not all of the filaments morphologically identified as type 021N hybridized with the 021N probe. In one treatment plant the predominant filament hybridized with the probe for Thiothrix and in one treatment plant the predominant filament did not hybridize with any of these probes. In none of the plants did filaments hybridize with the probe for Leucothrix. A study of the in situ uptake of different organic substrates by the various filaments was also conducted using microautogradiography. The uptake of 6 different organic substrates under aerobic conditions was studied by providing C-14 or H-3 labeled substrates (acetate, glucose, ethanol, glycine, leucine and oleic acid) in incubations of a period of 3 hours. No filaments took up all the tested substrates, and type 021N from the various treatment plants varied in their uptake abilities. The study demonstrated that strain differences with regard to substrate utilization are likely to occur among bacteria within the same genera and designated types which are indistinguishable on the basis of morphological observations alone and by the molecular probes used in this study for identification. Whether there is a clear correlation between type of wastewater and the capability of taking up the various organic substrates for the filaments remains to be elucidated. Bulking sludges were investigated in seven industrial or municipal activated sludge treatment plants from Denmark, Germany and Australia. The extent of variability in the filamentous bacteria taxonomy was assessed using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) method with rRNA-targeted nucleic acid probes specific for type 021N, Thiothrix and Leucothrix. In situ uptake of different organic substrates (glucose, ethanol, amino acids, oleic acid) under aerobic conditions was studied for various bacterial strains using microautoradiography.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Water Science and Technology: incorporating Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Microorganisms in Activated Sludge and Biofilm Processes, Berkeley, California, United States, 21-23 July 1997, Vol. 37, no. 4-5 (1998), pp. 423-430
- Publication year
- Activated sludge; Amino acids; Bulking; Fluorescence in situ hybridization; Glucose; Leucine; Microautoradiography; Oleic acid; Radiography; Ribosome RNA; Thiothrix; Waste water treatment plant
- IWA Publishing
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 1998 International Association on Water Quality. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
- Peer reviewed