Home List of Titles Identification of some of the major groups of bacteria in efficient and nonefficient biological phosphorus removal activated sludge systems
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/232462
- Identification of some of the major groups of bacteria in efficient and nonefficient biological phosphorus removal activated sludge systems
- Bond, Philip L.; Erhart, Robert; Wagner, Michael; Keller, Juerg; Blackall, Linda L.
- To investigate the bacteria that are important to phosphorus (P) removal in activated sludge, microbial populations were analyzed during the operation of a laboratory-scale reactor with various P removal performances. The bacterial population structure, analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with oligonucleotides probes complementary to regions of the 16S and 23S rRNAs, was associated with the P removal performance of the reactor. At one stage of the reactor operation, chemical characterization revealed that extremely poor P removal was occurring. However, like in typical P-removing sludges, complete anaerobic uptake of the carbon substrate occurred. Bacteria inhibiting P removal overwhelmed the reactor, and according to FISH, bacteria of the β subclass of the class Proteobacteria other than β-1 or β-2 were dominant in the sludge (58 percent of the population). Changes made to the operation of the reactor led to the development of a biomass population with an extremely good P removal capacity. The biochemical transformations observed in this sludge were characteristic of typical P- removing activated sludge. The microbial population analysis of the P- removing sludge indicated that bacteria of the β-2 subclass of the class Proteobacteria and actinobacteria were dominant (55 and 35 percent, respectively), therefore implicating bacteria from these groups in high-performance P removal. The changes in operation that led to the improved performance of the reactor included allowing the pH to rise during the anaerobic period, which promoted anaerobic phosphate release and possibly caused selection against non-phosphate-removing bacteria.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 65, no. 9 (Sep 1999), pp. 4077-4084
- Publication year
- 16S rDNA; 23S rRNA; Actinobacillus; Actinobacteria; Activated sludge; Bacterial RNA; Bacterium; Bioreactors; Fluorescence in situ hybridization; Oligonucleotide probes; Phenotype; Phosphorus; Proteus; Ribosomal RNA; Waste water management
- American Society for Microbiology
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 1999 American Society for Microbiology.
- Peer reviewed