Research consistently shows that voice increases the perceived fairness of legal procedures and their outcomes. However, this effect has not been investigated in procedures that are largely disrespectful. In a 3 (Role: Suspect, Police, Observer) x 2 (Voice: Voice, No Voice) x 3 (Deservingness: Innocent, Harmful, Harmless) design, this study tested whether the voice effect would hold in a forceful arrest. Undergraduates (n=57) read about an arrest over a bomb scare. Voice enhanced fairness and satisfaction judgments, indicating that the voice effect does hold even in forceful arrest procedures. Results are discussed in terms of best practices for arrest procedures.
Paper presented at 'Strengthening American/Canadian Justice Connections', 48th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 01-05 March 2011