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Home List of Titles Exploring the influence of engagement, disengagement and active coping strategies on shiftworker psychological and physiological wellbeing
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/3108
- Exploring the influence of engagement, disengagement and active coping strategies on shiftworker psychological and physiological wellbeing
- Bull, Diane F.; Knowles, Simon R.
- The aim of this study was to utilise an exploratory analysis (stepwise and standard multivariate regressions) to assess the impact of 18 specific individual coping strategies (4 disengagement, 4 engagement, and 10 active coping) on shiftworker psychological (psychological distress, cognitive and somatic anxiety) and physiological (chronic fatigue, digestive and cardiovascular symptoms) wellbeing and levels of sleep disturbance. The 4 disengagement and 4 engagement coping styles were taken from the Coping Strategies Inventory (CSI) included in the Standard Shiftwork Index (SSI). Each of the disengagement and engagement coping styles were based on the summation of 4 5-point Likert scale questions. The 10 active coping strategies were taken from the Active Coping Questionnaire (ACQ) created by the primary author. The ACQ assessed 10 specific coping styles (eg avoiding tea/coffee before sleeping, using napping strategies, using sleep hygiene strategies, exercising, etc) each using a single 5-point Likert scale. The 10 active coping strategies used in the ACQ were based on recommendations published within the shiftwork literature. One hundred and thirty-five subjects from two Police Local Area Commands completed a modified version of the SSI that included the ACQ. Two disengagement and one active coping strategy were found to have the greatest impact on subjective symptoms. The two extracted disengagement based coping styles were ‘I criticise myself for what’s happening’ and ‘I spend more time alone’, while the extracted active coping strategy was ‘How well do you think you successfully adapt to shiftwork?’. The two disengagement coping strategies were found to have an adverse relationship with various psychological and physiological symptoms, including digestive problems and cognitive anxiety. In contrast, the extracted active coping strategy was found to have a beneficial relationship with individual psychological and physiological symptoms, including chronic fatigue and somatic anxiety. This exploratory study provides evidence that shiftworkers utilise a constellation of different coping strategies, and that each of these coping strategies may mediate specific aspects of psychological and/or physiological wellbeing.
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- Conference abstract
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- Swinburne University of Technology. Faculty of Life and Social Sciences
- Proceedings of the 16th International Symposium of Night and Shiftwork, November 2003, Santos, Brazil
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