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- Fusion of redundant information in brake-by-wire systems using a fuzzy voter
- Hoseinnezhad, Reza; Bab-Hadiashar, Alireza
- In safety critical systems such as brake-by-wire, fault tolerance is usually provided by virtue of having redundant sensors and processing hardware. The redundant information provided by such components should be properly fused to achieve a reliable estimate of the safety critical variable that is sensed or processed by the redundant sensors or hardware. Voting methods are well-known solutions for this category of fusion problems. In this paper, a new voting method, using a fuzzy system for decision-making, is presented. The voted output of the proposed scheme is a weighted average of the sensors signals where the weights are calculated based on the antecedents and consequences of some fuzzy rules in a rulebase. In a case study, we have tested the fuzzy voter along with the well-known majority voting method for a by-wire brake pedal that is equipped with a displacement sensor and two force sensors. Our experimental results show that the performance of the proposed voting method is desirable in the presence of short circuits to ground or supply, excessive noise and sensor drifts. Voting error (in terms of mean square error) is reduced by 82% by the proposed fuzzy voting method, compared to majority voting.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology. Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences
- Journal of Advances in Information Fusion, Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jul 2006), pp. 52-62
- Publication year
- International Society of Information Fusion
- Publisher URL
- Copyright © 2006 JAIF. Published version of the paper reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher (http://www.isif.org/sites/default/files/JAIFCopyrightForm.pdf).
- Additional information
- This research work was supported by Research Centre for Advanced By-Wire Technologies (RABiT) and Pacifica Group Technologies Pty. Ltd.
- Full text
- Peer reviewed