The adhesion of bacteria to biological and nonbiological surfaces is of fundamental importance in regulating their interactions with the environment. A range of different strategies that are employed by bacteria for attachment are reviewed. This article describes the general principles that apply to mechanisms of adhesion, the current status of knowledge in understanding the drivers of bacterial adhesion, and the impact of surface characteristics on bacterial metabolic activity and biofilm formation.
Wiley encyclopedia of biomedical engineering / Metin Akay (ed.),