A systematic experimental study was conducted to examine the heat transfer characteristics from the hot die surface to the water spray involved in high pressure die casting processes. Temperature and heat flux measurements were made locally in the spray field using a heater made from die material H-13 steel and with a surface diameter of 10 mm. The spray cooling curve was determined in the nucleate boiling, critical heat flux, as well as the transition boiling regimes. The hydrodynamic parameters of the spray such as droplet diameters, droplet velocities, and volumetric spray flux were also measured at the position in the spray field identical to that of the test piece. Droplet size and velocity distribution were measured using a PDA system. A new empirical correlation was developed to relate the spray cooling heat flux to the spray hydrodynamic parameters such as liquid volumetric flux, droplet size, and droplet velocity in all heat transfer regimes. The agreement between experimental data and predicted results is satisfactorily good.