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Home List of Titles Motivation, cognitions and traits: predicting occupational health, well-being and performance
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/34439
- Motivation, cognitions and traits: predicting occupational health, well-being and performance
- Code, Sharon L.; Langan-Fox, Janice
- Past research on vulnerability/resistance to occupational stress and strain has focused predominantly on personality defined at the trait or dispositional level (e.g. Type A Behaviour Pattern, Locus of Control, Dispositional Optimism and Negative Affectivity). This is problematic for two reasons. First, within the current, prevailing integrative view of personality there are three main elements: motivation, cognitions, and traits (Winter, 1996; McAdams, 2000). The second problem is that there are two branches that together define personality psychology as a discipline: (a) the nomothetic or 'individual difference' approach; and (b) the 'ideographic' approach, that is the structure and organization of personality at the individual level (Epstein, 1994), yet trait theory-and especially the 'Big Five' model-have paid little attention to the latter, a trend that is also evident in the occupational stress literature. The central thesis of the current paper is that motivation, cognitions and traits should contribute more variance to the stress-strain relationship than trait personality alone. A preliminary model is presented and recommendations for future research provided.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Stress and Health, Vol. 17, no. 3 (Apr 2001), p. 159-174
- Publication year
- Behaviour pattern; Health; Immune function; Job satisfaction; Negative affectivity; Occupational stress; Power motivation; Personality; Stress; Well-being
- John Wiley & Sons Ltd
- Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Publisher does not officially support author/institution self-archiving of either the postprint (final, revised accepted draft) or published version of full text.
- Peer reviewed