Occupational stress was measured in 163 Australian managerial and professional women through the use of the self-report measure the Occupational Stress Indicator. Normative data were obtained reporting scale reliabilities, and differences between women according to marital and parental status and most stressful roles. The wife role had the highest mean score for the 'most stressful role'. Women with three or more children reported poorer physical health, and having parental status was associated with headaches, exhaustion, overeating, smoking and drinking. Nonetheless, this group also had significantly high scores for job satisfaction. Having children under 18 years of age was associated with the experience of a decrease in sexual interest, as was having full-time work status. Single women suffered poorer reported mental health than married women and scored highest for Type A behaviour.
Vol. 11, no. 1 (Feb 1995), p. 113-122