Ergonomics theory and practice play a key role in efforts to address the significant problem of a physically inactive Australia. Older adults face the challenge of responding to an overwhelming range of daily barriers (eg. responsibilities, injury) to activity. Practical guidelines relevant to health practitioners, sport psychologists, health educators, project workers and urban designers will be provided, with a focus on (1) modifying environmental structures to reduce learning demands, (2) facilitate problem-solving skill acquisition and use, and (3) direct cueing of behavior. The basis for these guidelines is a new integrated framework of physical activity, which conceptualizes the production of health-related behavior as the transaction between individual and the social and physical environment, and emphasizes general cognitive abilities as important resources for achieving physical activity maintenance. The framework illustrates the continuing value of ergonomics for promoting physical activity in work and free-living settings.
Ergonomics for a BIZ-e-World : Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of The Human Factors and Ergonomics Society of Australia and the 7th Annual Conference of Pan Pacific Council on Occupational Ergonomics, Cairns, Queensland, Australia, 22-25 August 2004,