The research documented in this paper is being undertaken by IRIS in collaboration with the CRC for Intelligent Manufacturing Systems and Technologies (IMS&T) and HPM. The project commenced in March 2001 and is expected to be completed in 2004. The aim of this research is to develop a novel microwave-induced ioniser capable of neutralising industrial pollution. Chemical modelling has been used to aid in the experimental design. It has shown that the treatment of dilute pollutant mixtures is likely to be possible using this method, whereas the treatment of pure pollutant streams is not desirable.