Thermal spray processes were modified to spray liquid feedstocks. Nanophase AI2O3, Mn2O3, ZrO2 and Y2O3 stabilized ZrO2 powders and deposits were produced. Ceramic particles of 1-150 nm size were collected at a rate of ~20 mg/min., with ~20-35 % collection efficiency. Organometallic precursors produced oxide deposits with a powdery morphology, while aqueous solutions yielded hydroxide deposits, requiring post spray heat treatments for producing oxide coatings. Spray feedstock and processing conditions affected the size, shape and phase composition of the synthesized nanomaterials. Particles with wider distributions of larger size grains were produced from aqueous solutions, while a narrow distribution of fine-grained materials were produced when organometallic precursors were used.
Vol. 9, no. 1-8 (1997), pp. 137-140