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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.3/968
- Aqueous capillary electrophoresis of peptides. Part 2: An investigation of quantitative determinants of hydration and solvation relationships
- Cross, Reginald F.; Wong, Margaret G.
- From the published electrophoretic data for a set of 58 peptides at pH 2.5 we have determined the excess hydration required to correct the deviations of the 31 higher-charged peptides from the Offord plot for the 27 singly-charged peptides. These values of the excess hydration were then used to test physical models by regression analysis. The dominant variable is the total excess positive charge, but the number of excess single positive charges and the number of pairs of positive charges – both at the end and internally – were significant determinants. The effect of acidic side chains was ambiguous throughout the analyses and this was presumed to arise from the ability of carboxy groups to be the sites of additional hydration or to diminish hydration via internal bonding with amino groups. A hydrophobicity index was included in he analysis, but surprisingly this too had little effect. In the last stage of the regressions, we also included coding for secondary structure within the peptides. This increased R2 for the plots of the excess hydration versus values calculated from the regression constants (Y) from 0.95 to 0.97. Some solvation relationships were particularly good at modelling the hydration of the smaller, lesser-charged peptides, whilst others excelled in the opposite direction. The final model appeared to deal equally well with both extremes, but is not sufficiently sensitive to allow for all of the variations between peptides. As a result, the excess hydration was modelled very well for many of the peptides (±1–2 waters over the range of excess hydration form 5–276), but poorly for a few (± 100–200%). It was not possible to find another set of peptides that could be independently analysed in a similar fashion and compared. However, the regression constants were applied to an alternative set. Although appearing to fall in a generally reasonable range, various tests of the resultant calculated values indicated that this application was not valid. The second set of peptides were much more hydrophilic and the number of amino acid residues with an extended secondary structure appeared to be a contributing factor.
- Publication type
- Journal article
- Research centre
- Swinburne University of Technology. School of Engineering and Science
- Chromatographia, Vol. 58, no. 7/8 (Oct. 2003), pp. 439-447
- Publication year
- Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn-Verlag GmbH & Co.KG
- pp. 439-447
- Publisher URL