Oxidation of commercial purity aluminum melts: an experimental study


Bonner, Stephen J.; Taylor, John A.; Yao, Ji-Yong; Rhamdhani, M. Akbar


Oxidation and dross formation is an undesirable, but unavoidable part of the production of aluminum. Past efforts to minimise dross formation through improved melt processing practices have been hindered by uncertainty in the fundamental behavior of how oxides grow on molten aluminum. The growth of oxide films formed on pure aluminum melts held at various temperatures and exposed to ambient air is investigated. Growth rates (i.e. mass/area as a function of time) were determined by skimming oxide films from laboratory-scale melt surfaces after various exposure times and then processing these films to separate oxide from metal. Collected oxide films were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron diffraction techniques. γ-Al2O3 appears to be the dominant oxide species and no breakaway oxidation was observed even at 850°C/14h. The micro structural evolution of the films is discussed in light of the results and behavior implications of this work for industrial cast house situations are discussed.

Publication year


Publication type

Conference paper


Minerals, Metals and Materials Series: Proceedings of the symposia sponsored by the TMS Aluminum Committee at the 142nd TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, (Light Metals 2013), San Antonio, Texas, United States, 3-7 March 2013 / Barry Sadler (ed.), no. 210869, pp. 993-997




Springer International Publishing




Copyright © 2016 by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society. Published by Springer International Publishers, Switzerland, 2016.